Connection

Connective Communication

There’s a lot of new terminology with new technology. Here are some helpful terms for you to know:

3G – Third Generation: Intended to be the nest great wireless technology, wideband mobile services and applications offering users faster access to the web.

Bandwidth – The amount of data transmitted in a given amount of time; usually measured in bits per second, kilobits per second, and megabits per second.

Bit – A single unit of data, either a one or a zero. In the world of broadband, bits are used to refer to the amount of transmitted data. A kilobit (Kb) is approximately 1,000 bits. A megabit (Mb) is approximately 1,000,000 bits.

Broadband – A descriptive term for evolving digital technologies that provide consumers with integrated access to voice, high-speed data service, video-demand services, and interactive delivery services (e.g. DSL, Cable Internet).

CAP – Competitive Access Provider: (or “Bypass Carrier”) A Company that provides network links between the customer and the Inter-Exchange Carrier or even directly to the Internet Service Provider. CAPs operate private networks independent of Local Exchange Carriers.

Cellular – A mobile communications system that uses a combination of radio transmission and conventional telephone switching to permit telephone communications to and from mobile users within a specified area.

Coaxial Cable – A type of cable that can carry large amounts of bandwidth over long distances. Cable TV and cable modem service both utilize this technology.

Dial-Up – A technology that provides customers with access to the Internet over an existing telephone line.

Downstream – Data flowing from the Internet to a computer (Surfing the net, getting E-mail, downloading a file).

DSL – Digital Subscriber Line: The use of a copper telephone line to deliver “always on” broadband Internet service.

E-Rate – A Federal program that provides subsidy for voice and data lines to qualified schools, hospitals, CBOs, and other qualified institutions. The subsidy is based on a percentage designated by the FCC. CTF benefits are calculated net of the E-rate subsidy.

FCC – Federal Communications Commission: A Federal regulatory agency that is responsible, among other things, of regulating VoIP.

ISP – Internet Service Provider: A company providing Internet access to consumers and businesses, acting as a bridge between customer (end-user) and infrastructure owners for dial-up, cable modem and DSL services.

Kbps – Kilobits per second: 1,000 bits per second. A measure of how fast data can be transmitted.

LAN – Local Area Network: A geographically localized network consisting of both hardware and software. The network can link workstations within a building or multiple computers with a single wireless Internet connection.

Local Loop – A generic term for the connection between the customer’s premises (home, office, etc.) and the provider’s serving central office. Historically, this has been a wire connection; however, wireless options are increasingly available for local loop capacity.

Mbps – Megabits per second: 1,000,000 bits per second. A measure of how fast data can be transmitted.

Rights-of-Way – Legal rights of passage over land owned by another. Carriers and service providers must obtain rights-of-way to dig trenches or plant poles for cable systems, and to place wireless antennae.

Streaming – A Netscape innovation that downloads low bit text data first, then the higher bit graphics. This allows users to read the text of an Internet document first, rather than wait for the entire file to load.

Subscribership – Subscribership is how many customers have subscribed for a particular telecommunications service.

T-1 – Trunk Level 1: A digital transmission link with a total signaling speed of 1.544 Mbps. It is a standard for digital transmission in North America.

T-3 – Trunk Level 3: 28 T1 lines or 44.736 Mbps.

Upstream – Data flowing from your computer to the Internet (sending E-mail, uploading a file).

Video On Demand – A service that allows users to remotely choose a movie from a digital library and be able to pause, fast-forward, or even rewind their selection.

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